Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3)

Ammonia (NH3) is a pungent, colorless, toxic gas better referred to as anhydrous ammonia. When ammonia is used in combination with carbon dioxide to create urea, it is the building block chemical for lots of agricultural fertilizers. Until the end of the nineteenth century, almost all fertilizers were organic in the modern sense.  They were  derived from composting agricultural, animal and human waste. As the world population grew, so did its need to feed itself. Far to many years of slash and burn agriculture, along with growing the same crops in the same fields for decades had led to severe soil depletion. Imported guano was getting expensive as crops yields were falling.

Haber’s process of directly combining nitrogen and hydrogen to create ammonia was the genesis of an entire synthetic fertilizer industry in Europe and North America. Once high quality, plentiful and cheap ammonia came on the market, in addition to agricultural chemicals, a cutting-edge synthetic dye industry developed, as well as the first successful automatic document duplication process.

In our time most world-scale ammonia is produced and directly consumed in the agriculture industries. Cylinder quantities of Anhydrous 99.99% Pure Ammonia are also used in agricultural and fertilizer research, metal treatment, wastewater treatment and pharmaceuticals, and when mixed with water to create aqueous ammonia, in cleaning products. Ultra High Purity Ammonia, 99.999% is used as a blending component in calibration gases for emission and personal hygiene monitoring, as well as some specialty semiconductor manufacturing.

Portland customers looking for a reliable, local source to produce ammonia specialty gases should contact Cryo-Source. Their strong record of service in the area coupled with the backing from PurityPlus® Specialty Gases makes giving them an easy decision.